Living with diabetes

Le diabète – les 4 piliers de l’équilibre


Pillar 1 : diabetes and sports activity.

Cardiovascular exercises: Dancing, walking, swimming, cycling, etc.

The benefits are:

  • Increase in energy expenditure and therefore the quantity of glucose used by the muscles;
  • Reduced risk of diabetes-related complications: cardiovascular disease, nephropathy (kidneys), retinopathy (eyes) and neuropathies (sensitivity, nerves);
  • Helps to have better control over weight, and therefore over diabetes.

Bodybuilding exercises : climb stairs, do push-ups, use machines, weights or elastics to develop your muscles, etc.

The benefits are:

  • Improved strength and posture;
  • Promotes better glycemic control;
  • Improved body composition.
  • For people with type 2 diabetes: Improved bone mineral density, helping to prevent osteoporosis.

Stretching exercises:


Pillar 2 : Food.

Diet plays a vital role in the treatment of the disease; it is important to eat a balanced diet without excess. To do this, knowing how to evaluate the quantities of carbohydrates and kilocalories contained in a dish may be necessary.

It is important to eat a varied diet at regular times without skipping meals. A consultation with your doctor or a dietitian to set up a dietary program, specific to each person, is beneficial for people with diabetes.


Pillar 3: Care.

Foot care : Diabetes can, in the long term, cause a reduction in sensitivity to the feet and, therefore, an injury or burn may go unnoticed. Blood circulation problems can also occur due to the thickening and loss of elasticity of the arteries, which can interfere with the healing of a wound.

Dental hygiene : Inadequate blood sugar control can lead to oral problems in people with diabetes, including periodontal (gum) disease..



Pillar 4: diabetes and stress.

Stressful situations specific to diabetes or even psychological conflicts completely unrelated to diabetes can affect the glycemic balance of diabetic people. Stress can influence diabetes control in two ways:

  • Stress can affect the balance of diabetes through the hyperglycemic effect of stress hormones.
  • It can also negatively influence diabetes control through strategies or behaviors to adapt to stress (eating more or less, consuming alcohol excessively, etc.).


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